Solanaceous vegetables Eggplants, peppers, tomatoes, and potatoes are all members of the Solanaceous family. These vegetables contain the chemical solanine, which some people say exacerbates arthritis, pain and inflammation. Wheat products, such as pasta, bread, crackers and bagels, can cause joint problems, especially if you have rheumatoid arthritis. The reason? Wheat contains gluten, a protein that can irritate and aggravate arthritic joints.
In addition to wheat, barley and rye also contain gluten, so it is advisable to avoid them as well. Sure, hamburgers are also packed with AGEs, but when it comes to the discomfort caused by arthritis, that's only half the equation. A new study found that high-fat foods, such as hamburgers, can encourage the growth of gut bacteria that are harmful to health. This travels through the body to the bones and wears out the cartilage, which cushions and lubricates the joints.
Salmon has the same meaty texture as beef, but it's packed with beneficial omega-3 fats, which have been shown to reduce arthritis-related pain and stiffness. Some people with arthritis say that solanaceous vegetables, such as tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants and peppers, cause arthritis to worsen. While there is no study to support a relationship between arthritis pain and most solanaceous plants, tomatoes may be an exception. This is because they raise uric acid levels.
High levels of uric acid can cause gout, a form of arthritis that attacks the joints of the fingers, wrists, knees and elbows. Try other vegetables that don't belong to the Solanaceae family instead. Vegetables are such a powerful protection against arthritis that eating a diet rich in products can reduce the risk of knee arthritis by 40 percent. Roast a large skillet of vegetables, such as carrots, squash, and Brussels sprouts, and add them to salads, sandwiches, and cereal dishes.
Research indicates that plant-based diets may reduce symptoms of RA. These diets are often rich in anti-inflammatory fruits and vegetables and naturally avoid many common foods that trigger rheumatoid arthritis. A study of 217 people with rheumatoid arthritis found that, of the 20 foods, sugar-sweetened soft drinks and desserts were the most common worsening of rheumatoid arthritis symptoms (. In addition, a large study involving nearly 200,000 women associated the regular intake of sugar-sweetened soft drinks with an increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis (.
Some research links red and processed meat to inflammation, which can increase arthritis symptoms. For example, diets rich in red and processed meat show high levels of inflammatory markers such as interleukin-6 (IL), C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine (5,. The study in 217 people with rheumatoid arthritis mentioned above also found that red meat generally worsened RA symptoms. In addition, a study in 25,630 people found that high consumption of red meat may be a risk factor for inflammatory arthritis (2,.
Studies have also shown that alcohol consumption can increase the frequency and severity of gout attacks (17, 18, 19, 20). In addition, chronic alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis, although not all studies have found a significant relationship (21, 2). Diets high in omega-6 fats and low in omega-3 fats can worsen symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (23, 2). These fats are necessary for health.
However, the unbalanced omega-6 to omega-3 ratio in most Western diets can increase inflammation (2) Reducing the intake of foods high in omega-6 fats, such as vegetable oils, and increasing the intake of omega-3-rich foods, such as fatty fish, may improve arthritis symptoms (2). A study with mice found that arthritis was more severe in mice fed a high-salt diet than in those who followed a diet with normal levels of salt (2). In addition, a study with 62-day-old mice revealed that a low-salt diet reduced the severity of RA, compared to a high-salt diet. Mice that followed a low-salt diet had less cartilage deterioration and bone destruction, as well as lower inflammatory markers than mice on a high-salt diet (2).
Interestingly, researchers have suggested that high sodium intake may be a risk factor for autoimmune diseases, such as inflammatory arthritis (29, 30). These include plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and anti-inflammatory fats. In addition to helping patients with arthritis, it can be useful for athletes who put a lot of pressure on their joints. For example, pregnant women should eat several servings of fresh green vegetables and foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids.
Dietary choices are always important to overall health, but if you have arthritis, the foods you choose can have a surprising impact on your joint health. You may already be taking prescription or over-the-counter medications to ease morning stiffness, swelling, and joint pain. Some research suggests that vegetables containing solanine may interfere with the gut microbiota and indirectly increase inflammation, while an animal study found that many solanaceous plants could, in fact, reduce inflammation. An unprocessed plant-based diet consists of fruits, vegetables, legumes and grains and is free of refined foods, which follows the Mediterranean approach.
The accumulation of AGEs in bones and joints may also influence the development and progression of osteoarthritis (35, 3). Replacing foods high in AGEs with whole, nutritious foods, such as vegetables, fruits, legumes and fish, can reduce the total burden of AGEs in the body (3). A person can follow a diet to maintain a moderate weight, which can help combat inflammation and reduce joint pressure. Studies on the consumption of fish oil show that it has anti-inflammatory benefits and is particularly useful for joint pain.