Fibromyalgia causes pain all over the body and extreme tiredness. It can be confused with arthritis because it can cause pain in joints, muscles, and soft tissues. Fibromyalgia (fibromyalgia) is a condition that causes pain all over the body (also called generalized pain), trouble sleeping, fatigue, and often emotional and mental distress. People with fibromyalgia may be more sensitive to pain than people without fibromyalgia.
This is called abnormal pain perception processing. Fibromyalgia affects about 4 million American adults, approximately 2% of the adult population. The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but it can be treated and managed effectively. Fibromyalgia is a collection of signs and symptoms that occur together (a sign is what the doctor finds on the exam; a symptom is what a person reports to the doctor).
While fibromyalgia may look like a joint disease, it's not a true form of arthritis and doesn't cause joint deformities. Fibromyalgia used to be called fibrositis or fibromyositis syndrome. But because inflammation (indicated by the suffix “itis”) is not present, the suffix was removed and the name was renamed Fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia isn't an autoimmune disorder, but people who have fibromyalgia often also have chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disorders.
Fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome are not strictly synonymous, but they are similar in the sense that both are central pain syndromes. However, myofascial pain syndrome primarily involves muscle pain, and fibromyalgia causes more widespread body pain, as well as other symptoms. The diagnosis of fibromyalgia is based on established criteria and symptoms, such as generalized pain and fatigue. People with fibromyalgia may feel numbness and tingling in their hands, arms, feet, legs, or sometimes on the face.
Fatigue in fibromyalgia is similar to that of another condition called chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Doctors consider the diagnosis of fibromyalgia in people who have had widespread pain for at least 3 months, especially when accompanied by other physical symptoms, such as fatigue. For example, many people with chronic fatigue syndrome have tender spots and symptoms that are considered diagnoses of fibromyalgia. For example, physical trauma, such as having an infection or the flu, can cause certain hormonal or chemical changes that promote pain and worsen sleep.
In addition to medical treatment, people can control fibromyalgia with the self-management strategies described below, which have been shown to reduce pain and disability, so that they can do the activities that are important to them. Some people with fibromyalgia have mild symptoms and need very little treatment once they understand what fibromyalgia is and what makes their condition worse. Doctors usually diagnose fibromyalgia by taking a patient's medical history, physical exam, x-rays, and blood tests. More information, polymyalgia rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica involves inflammation of the lining of the joints, which causes severe pain and stiffness in the muscles of the neck, back, shoulders and hips.
Although these medications are also used to treat depression, in people with fibromyalgia, they are generally used in very low doses and only at bedtime. Now, however, the number of tender points is not considered as important as the presence of typical symptoms, especially generalized pain that is not limited to the joints. In addition, people with fibromyalgia may become inactive, depressed, and anxious about their health, further exacerbating the disorder. .